Previously, we have seen that design in humans and animals demands an intelligent designer. But, what about plants? Is their evidence of design in plants that demands an intelligent designer? Let us see.
Allison Smith and Martin Howard of the John Innes Center in Norwich suggest that plants perform basic arithmetic in order to preserve the correct amount of starch during the night.1
Experimental results, however, have shown that plants can vary their rate of starch consumption based on the number of hours of darkness they experience. Regardless of how many hours plants sit in darkness, they can regulate their starch use so that virtually no starch remains when the light returns.
Plants that do math must have a designer that understands math and can program into them the ability to use math to their advantage.
Pitcher plants in tropical Borneo, the largest island in Asia, attract a particular species of bat to roost right inside their pitchers. The plants absorb nitrogen from the bat waste that drops to the bottom of the pitchers, and the bats enjoy comfy digs. Researchers already knew that pitcher plants in South American jungles grow flowers that attract bats for pollination, but the Asian version is unique. They give bats a safe place to roost during daylight hours. How do bats discern these preferred pitcher plants from the surrounding dense jungle foliage...?
According to a report published by German scientists in Current Biology:2
The pitcher’s sonic reflector has three other precise design features:
The plant’s reflector is situated just above the pitcher’s opening. To the bat, the reflector sounds very loud, but the opening below absorbs sound. The bats easily pick out this distinct contrast.
The area containing the reflector is larger than related pitcher plants that attract insects, increasing its sonic signal.
It reflects distinct sonic patterns on either side so that the bats can detect it from many angles.
Evolution over millions of years, or intelligent design?
Botanists have discovered that a plant can distinguish a nematode (tiny parasitic roundworm) from a virus, actively resist a penetrating mold, and produce odors to defend itself against a feeding caterpillar3.